Waste Conversion Projects (WCP) “WasteConv” shall resolve the issues concerning the effective collection and efficient disposal of waste in the Nigerian State. The effective collection of waste from the Nigerian communities is a fundamental challenge, as the infrastructure to collect waste is not available. As the issue of waste separation is not addressed at source, a waste resorting and separation process must be put in place at Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs). An obvious fact is that all citizens generate waste every-day from the consumption of food and the use of materials. Therefore, environment(waste) surcharge are instituted to facilitate the efficient collection of waste through a direct surcharge process.

WasteConv shall deploy a cloud based, Artificial Intelligence (AI) enterprise solution which shall monitor and manage the transportation schedule of the compactor or hook-lift trucks and/or tricycle on a real-time basis. The system shall collect route intelligent data of the truck movements and the weight of waste delivered to the transfer station or IWMF. WCP shall situate its operations at a strategic office location where a control centre shall exist to monitor the movement of waste compactor trucks as the collection of waste are done within the metropolis.

WastePro is a financial and disruptive transportation technology service provider which engages internet banking structures and value added service (VAS) protocol to administer payment of waste service charge in the Nigerian SWM space. WastePro’s operation is organized to manage the waste service fee collection, and waste collection and transportation matrix. WastePro engages the Waste2Green artificial intelligence and cloud based solution for the operations, optimization, monitoring and reporting along all process chains and phases.

a) Waste Service Fee Collection and Enforcement

Throw As You Pay (TAYP)/Pay As You Generate (PAYG) SMART Model

Throw as you pay (TAYP) - trash metering, user pricing, variable rate pricing, or user-pay - is a usage-pricing model for disposing of municipal solid waste. Residential, commercial and industrial users are charged based on the quantum of waste generated for collection on behalf of the municipality or local authority. Nevertheless, the rates are different for the three(3) categories as the content of the waste differs. In the instance, as presently exist, where waste generators are reluctant to pay the waste service charge on a designated monthly basis, the pay as you generate approach is engage. Pay as you generate (PAYG) is a daily enforcement of waste service charge to generators via a Sustainability Management System(SMS) - where waste generators are charged a collection fee per kg based on the waste presented for collection. The fee collections are administered on an electronic wallet platform. The charges generated from the TAYP/PAYG model are block-chain wallet accounts which are location enhanced and agglomerated daily into bank accounts managed through our Internet Banking Service Provider (IBSP) application which is applied via an electronic channel platform from which the Waste Tariff Fund(WTF) is created.

The WTF engages a full-unit pricing scheme as users pay for all the garbage they want collected in advance by paying a metered service fee which attracts the collection of a maximum number of waste bags or containers from designated collection centres. The need for additional waste bags or containers are available for purchase, should the user exceed the paid amount. For such additional service, a surcharge to the wallet accounts at the collection of extra waste bags are provided for the additional waste collection. For residences who are challenged to pay, alternative waste containers are situated within the zone where they are able to drop their waste without making their waste a nuisance to the community. The variable-rate pricing is undertaken for commercial and industrial users who can choose to rent a container of varying sizes (some programs offer up to five), with the price corresponding to the amount of waste generated. Although the TAYP/PAYG is based on the traditional approach of engaging a flat-rate system to disposing of municipal solid waste, a modification and variable approach is introduced for instances of additional waste generation which is based on a standard capacity threshold. While there is no incentive to reduce waste produced, the approach is based on two guiding principles of environmental policy: the polluter pays principle and the shared responsibility concept.[ Batllevell, Marta and Kenneth Hanf. “The fairness of PAYT systems: Some guidelines for decision-makers.” Waste Management 28 (2008): 2793-2800.] The rationale for TAYP/PAYG has a compounding influence on the economics, environment and social attributes of the region. In this respect, waste collections costs are distributed more fairly among the population, and in proportion to the amount of waste each user generates. 2 In which case, collection are more effective while promoting community sustainability, as lower-income families who tend to produce less waste, thus pay lower waste collection fees.


b) Waste Collection and Transportation

Waste2Green Management System (W2G-MS)

W2G-MS is a powerful waste collection (fees and service) cloud based, artificial intelligence management software serving for more than 40 cities across Europe and South America that addresses all the phases of the urban cleanness processes. W2G-MS is capable of interacting with a wide variety of IoT/sensors and waste collection methodologies so the more efficient working methods can be implemented and adapted to each city’s specific needs.

  • WasteConv proposes a national waste management system which is predicated on zonal mapping of neighborhoods in the Local Government Areas.
  • WasteConv creates an efficient waste collection arrangement from the neighborhoods, as neighborhoods have been mapped to understand the spatial layout of the communities in order to effect a practical waste collection arrangement.
  • WasteConv shall develop Akanran Waste Converters (AWC), Igando Waste Converters(IWC), Onibueja Waste Converters(OWC) and Ilokun Waste Converters(IWC) projects as a one-stop solution for the effective disposal of waste as organic (green) fertilizer plants and independent power producers are created to achieve the efficient disposal of waste with zero footprints in the South-West.
  • For effective collection, waste skip bins shall be strategically provided within communities to aid collection.
  • WasteConv shall situate offices at transfer stations located in a strategic LGA which will monitor the waste collectors and serve as a feedback for complaints from the waste generators.
  • WasteConv offices shall be developed into transfer stations especially for localities that have challenges with infrastructure access. At such wards in the LGAs, WCP shall encourage the use of waste tricycles to effectively collect waste in such infrastructure challenged locations.
  • At such locations, the transfer stations shall be designed to manage the logistics and movements of the waste tricycles while waste containers shall be used to pile the waste for easy collection by compactor trucks to the IWMF.
  • WasteConv shall deploy a cloud based, Artificial Intelligence (AI) enterprise solution which shall monitor and manage the transportation schedule of the compactor or hook-lift trucks and/or tricycle on a real-time basis. The system shall collect route intelligent data of the truck movements and the weight of waste delivered to the transfer station or IWMF.
  • WasteConv shall situate its operations at the IWMF or a strategic office location where a control centre shall exist to monitor the movement of waste compactor trucks as the collection of waste are done within the metropolis.

c) Waste Utilization and Dumpsite Remediation

WasteConv undertakes the utilization of waste from two(2) perspectives. The first being the sorting and production of RDF at the waste transfer station(WTS), and the second being dumpsite remediation, and waste conversion to power and fertilizer at the IWMF.

Waste Transfer Station(WTS)

At each LGA, we have delineated zones along the wards structure and plan for a dynamic transfer station arrangement for the inner-city areas which allows for the consolidation of waste collection. From the transfer stations, we manage transportation of consolidated organic waste to the recovery facility while producing RDF based on our design mix. The WTS shall sort residential and commercial waste into 2D and 3D waste content for its intended utilization.

For inner city households, waste tricycles collect garbage from door-to-door and commercial establishment based on categorization. The collected waste is quickly delivered to stationary compactors at the transfer stations where hook lift trucks move the separated organic content to the recovery facility while plastics(PET), paper, cardboard, shredded tyre, wood shaving and dust are baled into RDF. WasteConv follows the rule that “No waste is left at the transfer stations for 24hours”. At the outer-city zones, waste compactors undertake door-to-door collection of wastes and move the compacted waste to the recovery facility when the trucks are full.

The WTS is an integral part of our waste management architecture as garbage collected by the tricycles are pre-sorted at the location and loaded into compactor trucks which consolidates the waste to be taken to the conversion plants. The process at the WTS is designed to recover plastics(PET), HDPE, paper, cardboard and glass from the waste stream while serving as a collection centre for tyres which are shredded for RDF production and also for use, with the HDPE, in a pyrolysis plant to produce HFO which serves as fuel for a 500kva generating set that provides intermediate power at the complex. The composition of the WTS is all inclusive, it is designed to house the workers’ lounge, storage racks and sick bay/health clinic on the ground floor, while it situates the business office of WastePro on its first floor. The office which is the operations and control centre for the engagement of our dynamic, disruptive financial and transportation technology will be exclusive and out-of-bounds to visitors. Nevertheless, the WTS would provide a Customer Service Centre through which complaints are regularly attended to on the premises.

Integrated Waste Management Facility (IWMF)

AWC is a W2E company which is developing an Independent Power Plant (IPP) and an organic fertilizer plant at Ibadan, Oyo State. AWC will generate 18MW green power and 140tpd of organic fertilizer from MSW. The AWC plant is a purpose-driven development to undertake the utilization of 1500tpd of MSW collected in the Ibadan Municipal Area of Oyo State. AWC plans to construct its IWMF at Akanran in Ona Ara LGA, Ibadan. The land on which AWC shall construct the Akanran-IWMF covers about 9.5 hectares and is situated along Olorunsogo – Akanran road in Ona Ara LGA, Ibadan.

The site abuts the road which transverse through four(4) LGA – Egbeda, Oluyole, Ona Ara and Ibadan South East. The road travels through farm settlements to the east and passes through the centre of Ibadan city to the west. The land use around the project site consists mainly of a mixed use of commercial and residential properties.

IWC is a W2E company which is developing an Independent Power Plant (IPP) and an organic fertilizer plant at Igando, Lagos State. IWC will generate 30MW green power and 280tpd of organic fertilizer from MSW. The IWC plant is a purpose-driven development to undertake the utilization of 3130tpd of MSW collected from the Lagos West District. The land on which IWC shall construct its IWMF covers about 7.2 hectares and is situated on a controlled engineering landfill within longitude 3o26E to 3o25E and latitude 6o56N to 6o57N in Igando, Alimosho LGA, of Lagos State.

The site is surrounded by residential areas, an abattoir and a small fast shrinking Oba stream which is located about 2.5km east of the dumpsite. The land use around the project site consists mainly of a mixed use of commercial and residential properties. The existing waste dump site and adjourning land are being converted to the location of the Igando-IWMF. The Igando – Isehri Olofin Road transverses through the site location and continues to the LASU – Iba Road. The Lagos State University(LASU) is 13.4km from the site.

OWC is a W2E company which is developing an Independent Power Plant (IPP) and an organic fertilizer plant at Osogbo – Iwo Road, Egbedore LGA, Osun State. OWC will generate 6MW green power and 140tpd of organic fertilizer from MSW. The OWC plant is a purpose-driven development to undertake the utilization of 1000tpd of MSW collected from the Osun Central District. The land on which OWC shall construct its IWMF covers about 9.94 hectares at the Onibueja dumpsite.

The Onibueja open dump waste disposal site lies at Longitude 7.793001 and Latitude 4.491083. The topographic evaluation around the dumpsite generally slopes gently from the north western part towards south eastern part. The land use around the project site consists mainly of residential, commercial properties and farms. The existing waste dump site and adjourning land are being converted to the location of the integrated waste management facility. The Onibueja waste dumpsite is situated on the Osogbo – Iwo Road which is a short distance of 2km from the Ring Road. The Osun State University (Uniosun) is 16.7km from the site.

ILWC is a W2E company which is developing an Independent Power Plant (IPP) and an organic fertilizer plant at Ado Ekiti – Iworoko Road, Ekiti State. ILWC will generate 6MW green power and 140tpd of organic fertilizer from MSW. The ILWC plant is a purpose-driven development to undertake the utilization of 1000tpd of MSW collected from the Ekiti Central District. The land on which ILWC shall construct its IWMF covers about 24.7 hectares at the Ilokun dumpsite.

The Ilokun open dump waste disposal site lies between latitudes 850200 to 850800 and Longitude 749300 and 749800. The topographic evaluation around the dumpsite ranges from 337.4m to 405.2m above mean sea level and generally slopes gently from the north western part towards south eastern part. The land use around the project site consists mainly of a mixed use of commercial, residential properties and farms. The existing waste dump site and adjourning land are being converted to the location of the Ilokun-IWMF. The Ado-Ekiti – Iworoko Road transverses the site location and continues through the Ekiti State University(EKSU) to Iworoko. The EKSU is 5.3km from the site.

Our strategy mandates a holistic development approach. The IWMF features auto-sorting, and waste recycling modules which would have the capacity to process up-to 1500tons/day depending on the need. The optimization achievable from sensor based semi-auto-sorting facilities presents an advantage to efficiently sort MSW for processing into RDF, organic fertilizer and power as the case is. To achieve our goal for the IWMF, we shall engage the Plazma Makine auto- sorting technology for our MRF, Biomax Green rapid thermophilic digestor technology for our organic fertilizer, Shangqui Jinpeng tyre pyrolysis technology and Ningbo-CSI generators for the intermediate power need and the Henan Haiqi pyrolysis gasification technology for our commercial power need.